Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd.

Sweet Wattle

Sp. Pl., edn 4, 4: 1050 (1806) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Slender, sparingly branched shrub, usually 1–3 m high; branchlets acutely angled to flat, glabrous, sometimes pruinose. Phyllodes ascending to erect, narrowly linear to linear-oblanceolate or very narrowly elliptic, usually 7–12(–16) cm long and 3–8 mm wide, frequently slightly curved, thin to moderately coriaceous, glabrous, narrowed at base, mucronate; midrib prominent, lateral veins absent or obscure; glands not prominent, one 0–2 mm above pulvinus, usually another at base of mucro. Racemes with rachis 1–2.5 cm long, 6–12-headed, enclosed when young by conspicuous, imbricate bracts; peduncles 3–5 mm long, slender, glabrous; heads globular, 3–10-flowered, pale cream to lemon-yellow; bracteoles absent. Flowers 5(–4)-merous; sepals free, narrowly linear. Pods oblong, 2–5 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, thinly coriaceous-crustaceous, glabrous, purplish-brown to blue-black, pruinose; seeds transverse, elliptic, 6–7 mm long, shiny, black, aril brown-black. Flowers Apr.–Oct.

DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. (including some Bass Strait islands). Mostly near-coastal, but also e.g. in Grampians, growing in sand or on sandstone, usually in heath or woodland.

Similar to the South Australian species (naturalised in Victoria) A. iteaphylla which has a different habit, branchlets angled only at the extremities, heads with more flowers, peduncles longer, and pods longer, usually broader and with longitudinal seeds.

Morrison & Rupp (1995) recently erected 5 subspecies of Acacia suaveolens. Of these, 2 are reported from Victoria: the widespread subsp. suaveolens and the geographically restricted subsp. grampianensis Morrison & Rupp. However, due to the substantial overlap and uncertainty of the diagnostic features, these new taxa are of doubtful utility and not recognized here. (Editors' note.)

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-03-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia suaveolens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia suaveolens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory