Mesembryanthemum

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial succulent herbs, with conspicuous papillose epidermal cells. Leaves opposite below, alternate on flowering branches. Flowers solitary, axillary, leaf-opposed or terminal, sessile or shortly pedicellate; sepals 5, free, unequal (2 larger than others); petaloid staminodes numerous, white; stamens numerous; styles 5; ovary inferior to semi-superior, 5-locular; ovules numerous, axile. Fruit a 5-locular capsule, valves winged, opening when wet via apical slits; seeds numerous.

Between 16 to 101 species depending on which taxonomic concept is followed, chiefly from South Africa, a few Mediterranean and on nearby islands; 4 species naturalised in Australia, others commonly grown for ornament.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Aizoaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-28
 
Hero image