Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted or rhizomatous perennials. Leaves flat, folded or involute; ligule membranous, sometimes much-reduced. Inflorescence a panicle; spikelets several-flowered, laterally compressed; glumes 2, the lower usually 1-nerved, the upper usually 3-nerved, persistent; lemma 3ā€“13-nerved, rounded dorsally, acute or awned at apex.

Molecular studies (e.g. Catalan et al. 2004) suggest other genera (e.g. Lolium, Psilurus, Vulpia) are nested within Festuca and a broader concept of the genus should be recognised. This amalgamation has not yet been formally adopted and the segregate genera are retained here.

About 180 species, cosmopolitan; c. 12 species (depending on generic and specific concepts) in Australia (5 naturalised), 4 in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-16

Catalan, P.; Torrecilla, P.; Lopez Rodriguez, J.A. & Olmstead, R.G. (2004). Phylogeny of the festucoid grasses of subtribe Loliinae and allies (Poeae, Pooideae) inferred from ITS and trn Lā€“F sequences., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 517ā€“541.

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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa
genus Festuca
Subordinate taxa