Cardamine gunnii Hewson

Fl. Australia 8: 390 (1982) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: extinct (x); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Perennial, to 25 cm high, glabrous, with several subtuberous tapering roots arising from base; stems erect. Basal leaves in a rosette, to c. 8 cm long, simple or pinnate with 1–2 pairs of shortly petiolulate lateral pinnae, terminal pinna ovate, entire, lobed or dentate; cauline leaves 0–3, to 3 cm long, pinnate to deeply pinnately divided, all pinnae linear. Racemes c. 10-flowered; sepals 2–3 mm long; petals 5–8 mm long, white; mature style to 1 mm long. Fruits erect to erecto-patent, 25–35 mm long, c. 1 mm wide; pedicels to 15 mm long; seeds c. 1.0 mm long.

Also SA, Tas. Flowers spring.

The type specimen of Cardamine gunnii possesses distinctive subtuberous tapering roots. Only a handful of Victorian specimens match the type in this respect and all of these were collected more than 90 years ago from south-western Victoria. The only recent Australian collection is a 1968 record from near Mt Gambier in South Australia. Specimens collected more recently and identified as C. gunnii are referable to C. papillata, C. paucijuga or C. lilacina. Cardamine gunnii s. str. is possibly now extinct. It appears to have been a plant of lowland swamps, areas that were cleared for agriculture by early European settlers.

Source: Thompson, I.R. (1996). Cardamine. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Cardamine
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cardamine gunnii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cardamine gunnii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain extinct native
Victorian Volcanic Plain extinct native
Warrnambool Plain extinct native
Goldfields extinct native
Dundas Tablelands extinct native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales