Taraxacum cygnorum Hand.-Mazz.

Native Dandelion

Monogr. Taraxacum 55 (1907) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: vulnerable (VU); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Leaves c. oblong to linear-lanceolate, c. 4–12 cm long, glabrescent; lobes 4–7 on each side, short, obtusely to acutely deltoid to hamate-attenuate, sometimes pointing forward, distal margins denticulate to lobulate; interlobes entire to acutely denticulate; petioles usually pale, very narrowly winged. Scapes 3–5 cm long (2–3 times longer in fruit). Capitula 1.5–2 cm diam.; outer bracts appressed to inner series, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3–5(–6) mm long, usually apiculate with a small dark callus, white-bordered; ligules pale lemon-yellow; outer ligules subequal to inner bracts; stigmas yellow; pollen present. Cypselas narrow-fusiform, (4–)4.5–6 mm long, dark red to blackish-purple, spinulose above, rugose below to the base; cone cylindric, 1.25–2 mm long; beak 4–6 mm long, subequal to cypsela body. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

GipP, Glep, HNF, NIS. Also WA, Tas. (Bass Strait Islands). Rare and threatened with extinction. In Victoria confined to woodland and scrub on limestone in the south-west.

Distinguished from the other native species by the cypsela shape and texture and the relatively short beak. The type description of T. cygnorum gives an cypsela length of 7 mm, but no material observed had cypselas this long.

Source: Scarlett, N.H. (1999). Taraxacum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Taraxacum cygnorum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Taraxacum cygnorum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales