Eucalyptus botryoides Sm.

Southern Mahogany

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 3: 286 (1797) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Tree to 40 m tall; bark rough on trunk and larger limbs, in thick elongated slabs; branches smooth. Juvenile leaves petiolate, opposite for few pairs then alternate, ovate or lanceolate, to 15 cm long, 8.5 cm wide, dull, green, discolorous; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, lanceolate, to 16 cm long, 4 cm wide, discolorous, green; with regular, wide-angled pinnate side veins; reticulation dense, apparently glandless. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles flattened, to 1.5 cm long, 7–11-flowered; buds sessile or pedicellate, oblong or ovoid, to 1 cm long, 0.6 cm diam., scar present; operculum conical or hemispherical; stamens inflexed; anthers cuneate; ovules in 4 vertical rows; flowers white or creamy white. Fruit sessile or shortly pedicellate, cylindric or barrel-shaped, to 1.2 cm long, 0.9 cm diam.; disc vertically descending; valves 3 or 4, rim level or enclosed; seed brown, pyramidal to cuboid with toothed edges, hilum terminal. Flowers Feb.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HNF, HSF, MuF, OtP, VRiv, VVP, WaP. Also NSW. In Victoria east from near Loch Sport, mainly on near-coastal sandy plains and alluvial terraces, but also in gullies of foothills.

The only native representative in Victoria of series Transversae, it has been traditionally classified with the eastern blue gums (subseries Leptocarpae) and in a recent study was reduced to a subspecies of E. saligna (Passioura & Ash 1993). However, on bark characters it belongs to the related red mahoganies (subseries Annulares) and its natural affinities remain unresolved. Some mostly smooth-barked E. botryoides in the Cann Valley approach E. saligna (see note under that species).

A small number of scattered white gums occurring on the Boole-Poole Peninsula in the Gippsalnd Lakes were thought to be hybrids between Eucalyptus botryoides and E. tereticornis subsp. mediana. Successive trials have produced seedlings with no segregation toward either presumptive parents, suggesting that the trees may represent a distinct, yet-to-be-named species.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus botryoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus botryoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory