Acacia penninervis var. penninervis

Hickory Wattle

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Shrub or small tree, to 8 m high; branchlets glabrous. Phyllodes variable, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, narrowed at base, 5–13 cm long, 5–30 mm wide, usually more or less straight, rarely falcate, glabrous, green, infrequently glaucous, obtuse or acute; finely and pinnately veined, midrib and marginal veins prominent; gland 0.5–3 cm above pulvinus, margin often shallowly indented at gland which is connected to midrib by a fine oblique vein. Racemes sometimes in panicles; rachis 3–12 cm long, glabrous; peduncles 4–8 mm long, glabrous; heads globular, 15–30-flowered, cream to whitish. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united. Pods to 20 cm long, 10–17 mm wide, thinly coriaceous to firmly chartaceous; seeds longitudinal, oblong to elliptic, 6–7 mm long, slightly shiny, black, funicle dark red, aril clavate. Flowers Nov.–Feb.

CVU, EGL, EGU, HNF, HSF, VRiv. Also Qld, NSW, ACT. Confined to mostly rocky habitats along the eastern highlands of Australia, extending southward into an area north-west of Mt Tingaringy in far East Gippsland, with a few outlying pockets further westward on and near the Strathbogie Ranges.

Usually characterized by the indented gland connected to the midrib by a fine oblique vein. Often confused with Acacia falciformis which is usually a larger plant distinguished especially by the usually golden, appressed-hairy peduncles and raceme axes and larger flowers. Also similar to A. obliquinervia and A. sporadica (see note after A. sporadica).

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia penninervis var. penninervis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia penninervis var. penninervis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory