Acacia falciformis DC.

Large-leaf Hickory-wattle

Prodr. 2: 452 (1825) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or tree, to c. 12 m high; branchlets glabrous. Phyllodes more or less pendulous, usually falcate, 10–22 cm long, 15–40 mm wide, narrowed at base, grey-green to glaucescent, glabrous; finely and pinnately veined, midrib prominent; gland 1–3 cm above the base, margin indented at gland which is connected to midrib by a fine oblique vein. Racemes sometimes in terminal panicles, rachis 2–10 cm long, usually with golden, appressed, minute hairs at least near apices; peduncles 4–10 mm long, usually with golden, appressed, minute hairs; heads globular, 20–30-flowered, creamy-yellow. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united. Pods mostly 5–13 cm long and 1.5–2.5 cm wide, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, slightly pruinose; seeds longitudinal, oblong to somewhat elliptic, 5.5–7 mm long, slightly shiny, black; funicle thickly filiform, dark reddish-brown, often folded below seed, aril clavate. Flowers Nov.–Dec

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, SnM, VAlp. Also Qld, NSW, ACT. Common on tablelands and slopes of the Great Dividing Range, mostly at 500–1100 m altitude, extending from south-east New South Wales through to near Traralgon in Victoria. Grows on clay-loam in dryish forest or woodland.

Acacia falciformis is usually distinguishable from related species with large, falcate phyllodes and broad legumes by the golden appressed hairs on the inflorescence rachis and peduncles (hairs occasionally white or absent), and the phyllodes with their adaxial margin shallowly indented at the gland which is situated 5–30 mm above the pulvinus and connected to the midrib by a fine oblique vein.

Phyllodes are sometimes mottled pinkish-purple upon drying, thus resembling those of A. rubida, a species readily distinguished by its commonly persistent juvenile foliage, peduncles 2–4 mm long, heads light golden and 10–20-flowered, pods 5–8 mm wide and funicles completely encircling the seeds.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia falciformis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia falciformis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory