Spyridium parvifolium (Hook.) F.Muell.

Dusty Miller

Fragm. 3: 79 (1862) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Spreading shrub, procumbent to c. 1.5(–3) m high; branchlets densely pubescent to long-villous, often rusty. Leaves petiolate, obovate, elliptic or orbicular, 4–18(–30) mm long, 3–13(–20) mm wide, obtuse to emarginate, upper surface hispid to subvelutinous, rarely glabrous, usually with strongly impressed veins, lower surface densely whitish stellate-pubescent, with longer, often rusty simple hairs over veins, margins flat to recurved, sometimes crenate; floral leaves densely white-tometose on upper surface; stipules brown, 1–4 mm long, ciliate, free. Flowers in heads that are cymosely arranged at ends of branches, each head subtended by 1–few floral leaves; perianth c. 2 mm long, whitish, externally villous; sepals c. 1 mm long; free part of the hypanthium minute; style c. 0.3 mm long, shortly 3-lobed. Fruit c. 3 mm long. Flowers mainly spring.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MuF, NIS, OtP, OtR, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Common and widespread in moist forest and heathland, usually growing on sandy loam or gravelly soils, occasional in drier heathy woodland (e.g. Maryborough district), but apparently absent from the Mornington Peninsula and Strzelecki Ranges.

Extremely variable, with a number of forms that may warrant formal recognition. Bentham erected 3 varieties: var. molle from Bass Strait islands, possibly concordant with the softly hairy, small-leaved plants of Wilsons Promontory and far eastern coastal heaths; var. hirsutissimum, which is uniformly villous or long-hispid and may be endemic in the northern Grampians (e.g. Mt Zero); var. grande described from the Dandenong Range, with leaves 25 mm long or more. Of these, the latter appears least distinct, but precise circumscription of any of Bentham's varieties is complicated by a range of intermediate and/or other equally distinct entities. A delicate small-leaved form from the Brisbane Range, with leaves only 3–5 mm long, often glabrous and apically notched appears noteworthy. Plants having uniformly grey-velutinous foliage have been collected from rocky sites in the Snowy River gorge, Wilsons Promontory and near Point Hicks. Apparent hybrids with S. vexilliferum occur e.g. near Portland, Wallaby Rocks in the Grampians, and perhaps near Anglesea. Spyridium x ramosissimum from the Grampians, is a hybrid between S. daltonii and S. parvifolium, occurring where both parents occur in the northern Grampians.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Spyridium. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rhamnaceae
genus Spyridium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Spyridium parvifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Spyridium parvifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory