Acacia salicina Lindl.

Willow Wattle

in T.Mitch., Three Exped. Australia, edn 1, 2: 20 (1838) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or tree 3–13 m high, often clonal; branchlets pendulous, often zigzag between nodes, dark grey-brown, glabrous. Phyllodes pendulous, linear to narrowly oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, 4–20 cm long, 4–30 mm wide, 4–40 times as long as wide, more or less flaccid, green to grey-green, sometimes glaucous, glabrous, apex acute to obtuse with small often oblique, mucro; pinnately veined, midrib prominent; glands 2–5, lowermost 0–5 mm above pulvinus, distal glands often prominent with one at base of mucro. Raceme with rachis usually 1–5 cm long, glabrous, 2–8-headed; peduncles 5–15 mm long, glabrous; heads globular, moderately dense, 15–25-flowered, cream to pale yellow. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united, more or less truncate. Pods narrowly oblong, to 12 cm long, 7–13 mm wide, woody, thick, longitudinally striate when dry, grey-green, glabrous; seeds longitudinal, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4.5–6 mm long, shiny, dark brown to black, aril scarlet. Flowers usually Mar.–Jun.

Gold, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, RobP, VRiv, Wim. Also NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Mainly occurring on the Murray River floodplain from Echuca to the South Australian border, but also in the Dimboola region. Grows on soils ranging from sand to clay.

Similar to A. ligulata but distinguished most readily from that species by its pendulous, thicker (coarsely wrinkled when dry) phyllodes with a non-hardened mucro, and its cream to pale yellow heads. In addition, the phyllodes of A. salicina are often broader (4–30 mm cf. 4–14 mm wide).

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia salicina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia salicina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present cultivated
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Goldfields present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory