Hypoxis

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted cormous perennial herbs. Roots fibrous to tuberous. Leaves basal, linear to subterete, pubescent, the basal sheaths often persisting as a papery or fibrous tunic around the corm. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in cymose racemes or panicles. Sepals and petals subequal, each 2 or 3, shortly united basally, yellow (in Victorian species); stamens as many as perianth lobes, anthers basifixed; ovary ovoid, style short, filiform, stigma bi- or tri-fid. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by a transverse rupture near apex; seeds sub-globose, more or less rostrate, shiny black to brown.

About 50 species, in Africa, Asia, America and Australia; 6 (all endemic) in Australia, 2 in Victoria.

Previously Hypoxis has been divided into two sections based on the presence or absence of hairs. Phylogenetic studies have shown that the glabrous taxa, Hypoxis section Ianthe (Baker) Benth. & J.D.Hook. (i.e. Hypoxis vaginata and H. glabella in Victoria) form a monophyletic group with Spiloxene Salisb., Pauridia, and Saniellia Hilliard & Burtt. As such, these taxa have been removed from Hypoxis and are now in the genus Pauridia. See note under Pauridia.  

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-05
 
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Hypoxidaceae
Higher taxa
genus Hypoxis
Subordinate taxa