Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis (F.M.Leight.) F.M.Leight.


J. S. African Bot. suppl. 4 21 (1965) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Rhizome stout, branching, forming leafy clumps to c. 1.5 m diam. or more. Scapes stout, hollow, erect, 40–120 cm high. Leaves flat with sheathing base, 40–80 cm long, 30–50 mm wide. Umbel many-flowered, 10–20cm diam.; pedicels 5–8 cm long; flowers funnel-shaped, c. 4 cm long, blue or white; segments fused basally for c. 10–15 mm; stamens usually longer than the segments, fused for 20–30 mm basally. Capsule fusiform, c. 25–35 mm long. Seeds numerous. Flowers Nov.–Feb.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised WA, Tas. Widely grown as an ornamental, persisting in abandoned settlements and along some roadsides, established (often initially as a result of dumping of garden refuse) in various localities (e.g. Winchelsea area, Tallangatta, Sorrento) and subsequently spreading by seed.

Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis, commonly referred to in literature as A. orientalis, is the more commonly cultivated subspecies in Australian gardens and all naturalized collections are referable to this taxon. The nominate subspecies is occasionally cultivated, however, and is distinguished from subsp. orientalis chiefly by the longer perianth (5–7 cm).

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-12
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory