Calostemma purpureum R.Br.

Garland Lily

Prodr. 298 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Bulb broadly ovoid, 2–4 cm diam. Leaves several, linear, flat, 10–60 cm long, 4–12 mm wide, developing as fruits mature. Scape cylindric, erect (becoming prostrate in fruit), to c. 50 cm high. Umbel 8–20-flowered; spathe-bracts 3, 2–7 cm long; pedicels 15–30 mm long; flower pink or purple, sometimes yellow near base, tubular in lower 4–10 mm, lobes slightly spreading, ovate, 10–15 mm long; corona 5–8 mm long, pink, truncate or shallowly lobed between stamens; free part of filaments 2–3 mm long. Capsule firm, berry-like, 5–10 mm long. Flowers Feb.–Apr.

MuM, RobP. Also SA, NSW. Localized in the far north-west where occurring at a few sites prone to flooding near the Murray River between Boundary Bend and Wentworth. Occurs on deep alluvium adjacent to the river, or on sand in the vicinity of the Hattah Lakes system, appearing in thousands at some sites in favourable seasons.

The bulbs were an important food resource for Koories.

Calostemma luteum differs from C. purpureum in its bright yellow perianth 20–30 mm long, and yellow or reddish corona 9–12 mm long.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-13
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
genus Calostemma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calostemma purpureum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calostemma purpureum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Robinvale Plains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory