Calostemma luteum Sims

Bot. Mag. 46: t.2101 (1819) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Bulb broadly ovoid, 2–6 cm diam. Leaves several, linear, flat, 10–50 cm long, 5–10 mm wide, developing as fruits mature. Scape cylindric, erect, to c. 50 cm high. Umbel 20–30-flowered; spathe-bracts 2, one is usually bilobed, 3–6 cm long; pedicels to 50 mm long; flower golden to greenish yellow, sometimes pink near base, tubular in lower 6–12 mm, lobes spreading, ovate, 14–18 mm long; corona 9–12 mm long, yellow or pink, truncate or lobed between stamens; free part of filaments 2-5 mm long. Capsule firm, berry-like, 7–12 mm long.

MuM, MSB. Localised in the far north-west, known only from a single population on the Murray River floodplain west of Merbein, common in drainage systems of the Darling River in New South Wales and Queensland, and the Murray River floodplain in South Australia.

Intergrades between this species and C. purpureum are common along the Murray River, with various colour forms often produced (Lang 2008). Calostemma luteum is sometimes regarded as a synonym of C. purpureum. However, C. luteum can be distinguished by the generally larger flowers with more widely spreading lobes and predominately yellow flower colour, and fewer scape bracts.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-09-15
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
genus Calostemma
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Calostemma luteum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calostemma luteum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria