Acacia pravissima F.Muell.

Ovens Wattle

Fragm. 1: 5 ; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1858) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Shrub or tree, usually 3–8 m high; branches slender and spreading or gracefully arched; branchlets ribbed, glabrous or mintely hairy. Phyllodes crowded, on short stem projections, generally triangular, adaxial margin conspicuously rounded with the proximal edge more or less parallel to branchlet, usually 7–12 mm long and 5–14 mm wide, green to grey-green, glabrous, mucronate; imperfectly 2-veined, midrib near abaxial margin and a lesser vein above it, lateral veins indistinct; gland prominent, 3–7 mm above base (sometimes similar to that of A. kettlewelliae). Racemes prolific in upper axils, rachis 1.5–7 cm long, glabrous or minutely hairy; peduncles 2–4 mm long, slender, glabrous; heads globular, 6–9-flowered, golden. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united. Pods narrowly oblong, to c. 8 cm long, 6–9 mm wide, firmly chartaceous, glabrous; seeds longitudinal, oblong to ovate, 3.5–5 mm long, dull, black, aril clavate. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, *GGr, *VVP, *Wim. Also NSW, ACT. In Victoria, native predominantly to the north-eastern part of the State, and occasionally south of the Divide in eastern Victoria with historic collections from the Upper Macalister River. Natural populations not known to extend west of Ruffy. Usually near streams or in moist sheltered sites, often in Eucalyptus open-forest. Naturalised near Genoa, Macclesfield, Heathmont (eastern suburb of Melbourne), Mt Alexander and Taradale.

At Paradise Falls, near Whitford, Acacia pravissima hybridizes with both A. kettlewelliae and the Mt Typo variant of A. boormanii. These hybrids are recognized by the following characters: phyllodes slightly asymmetric, narrowly elliptic, acute to subacute, 17–30 mm long, 4–10 mm wide, the second longitudinal vein (when developed) obscure and normally intersecting the gland. They can resemble A. buxifolia.

Plants previously regarded to be dwarf variant of this species from the upper catchment of Little River near Wulgulmerang are now regarded to be a distinct species, A. nanopravissima.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-29
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia pravissima in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia pravissima in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present cultivated
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory