Eucalyptus melliodora A.Cunn. ex Schauer

Yellow Box

in Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 924 (1843) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 30 m tall, bark fibrous or with thin flakes of rough (often rust-coloured) bark held in variable amounts on trunk (sometimes entire trunk rough), rest of trunk and branches smooth, pale grey and yellow. Crown green or grey. Juvenile leaves petiolate, soon alternate, elliptic, to 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, dull, green or grey-green with distinct intramarginal veins well in from margin; adult leaves petiolate, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate or falcate, 6–14 cm long, 0.8–1.5 cm wide, dull, green or grey with intramarginal vein well in from margin, reticulation dense, with numerous, island and intersectional oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 1 cm wide, 7-flowered; buds shortly pedicellate, ovoid or clavate, to 0.7 cm long, 0.4 cm diam., no scar (2 opercula intact); operculum conical, sometimes rostrate; stamens inflexed with outer staminodes; anthers adnate, cuboid; ovules in 4 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit hemispherical or truncate globose, 0.7 cm long, 0.7 cm diam.; staminal ring broad and usually deciduous; disc descending; valves 4 or 5; seed brown, irregularly ovoid and slightly flattened, surface shallowly reticulate, hilum ventral. Flowers Jul.–Feb.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also Qld, NSW, AST. Widespread in Victoria from the Western District to the Gippsland Lakes and the upper Snowy River. And from the Grampians to the upper Murray River.

The natural distribution of Eucalyptus melliodora coincides with much of the moderate rainfall, cool temperate pastoral and cropping area of south-eastern Australia. It usually occupies the better soils, growing with E. blakelyi, E. camaldulensis and E. bridgesiana. It is distinguished from them by its scruffy, yellowish to dark brown, fibrous bark, dull, green or grey leaves with distinct intramarginal veins, and fruit with enclosed valves.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus melliodora in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus melliodora in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory