Cullen australasicum (Schltdl.) J.W.Grimes

Native Scurf-pea

Mulleria 9: 195 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect or ascending much-branched shrub to 2.5 m tall; stems pubescent, glabrescent with age, striate, dotted with glands. Leaves pinnately tri-foliolate, to c. 12 cm long; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, 1–5 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, upper surface glabrous to sparsely hairy, lower surface pubescent, both surfaces dotted with glands, apices obtuse, mucronate, margins irregularly toothed; terminal petiolule 5–15 mm long; stipules triangular, acuminate, to c. 8 mm long. Inflorescence sometimes terminal, rachis 5–20 cm long; peduncles 3–20 cm long, longer than subtending leaves; flowers mostly in 3s along rachis; pedicels c. 1 mm long; bract ovate-acuminate, 2–3 mm long, hairy. Calyx obconical, 4–5 mm long, pubescent with black, brown, white or mixed hairs, teeth unequal, upper 4 longer or shorter than calyx tube, lower one larger and longer than others, longer than calyx tube; corolla 5–8 mm long, pink to violet-pink, persistent in fruit. Pod ovoid, 3–4.5 mm long, included in calyx, pubescent, black; seed 1, to c. 3 mm long, light brown. Flowers throughout year.

Glep, MuM, RobP, SnM, VVP, Wim. All mainland states. Endangered in Victoria where known with certainty from only 2 collections in the vicinity of Lakes Albacutya and Hindmarsh.

Cullen australasicum can generally be distinguished in the field by its upright branched habit and pinkish flowers. In herbarium material it can be extremely difficult to distinguish it from C. pallidum, C. patens and C. discolor.

An almost entirely glabrous plant collected near Mildura may be referable to this species.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Cullen
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Cullen australasicum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cullen australasicum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Victoria