Acacia gunnii Benth.

Ploughshare Wattle

London J. Bot. 1: 332 (1842) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Diffuse shrub, prostrate or erect, to 1 m high; branchlets usually hairy. Phyllodes patent to inclined, more or less sessile, asymmetric, shape variable, usually a pronounced rounded or triangular gland-angle on adaxial margin near or below middle, 0.4–1.5 cm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, usually 1.5–5 times as long as wide, rigid, glabrous or hairy, green, acuminate, pungent; midrib prominent and central or near lower margin; stipules persistent. Peduncles normally 1 per axil, normally 4–10 mm long, glabrous or hairy, basal bracts 3; heads globular, 20–30-flowered, cream to pale yellow, bracteoles acuminate. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united; petals often prominently 1-veined. Pods to 4 cm long, 4–5 mm wide, firmly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, glabrous or sometimes hairy, dark brown to blackish; seeds longitudinal to oblique, widely elliptic to spherical, c. 3 mm long, variably mottled, without aril, funicle filiform. Flowers Jun.–Oct.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, NIS, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread and sometimes locally abundant on the Great Dividing Range and its foothills, growing in Eucalyptus open-forest or dryish woodlands.

Phyllode shape is very variable, ranging from semi-trullate, lanceolate or broadly to narrowly triangular but the usually prominent gland-angle on the adaxial margin distinguishes A. gunnii from other species allied to A. ulicifolia. Occasional plants with narrow phyllodes and a reduced gland-angle (e.g. north of Maffra) may be confused with A. ulicifolia or A. brownii, both of which always have glabrous phyllodes, longer (10-20 mm) peduncles and sepals only united at base (fruiting specimens collected from the Mt Johnson-Mt Victoria area in East Gippsland are possibly of hybrid origin).

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia gunnii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia gunnii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory